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Tuesday, 28 June 2022 00:00

The Many Causes of Swollen Feet

Our feet are like workhorses in the body. We depend on them daily, but sometimes they swell up. The most common cause of swollen feet is a buildup of fluids, usually around the ankle. This is a common occurrence among pregnant women. Other causes of swollen feet are simply being on them too much, and the reverse, being too sedentary. Poor circulation, or a foot or ankle injury also can cause swelling. Being overweight can cause your feet to become swollen. Sometimes hormonal changes can cause a buildup of fluids, which may lead to swelling. Infections caused by diabetic neuropathy can also result in swollen feet, along with other problems. Cutting back on salt, resting the feet, and keeping them elevated can help reduce swelling. If it continues or becomes worse, it is a good idea to consult a podiatrist for a complete examination and treatment options. 

Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.

It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 21 June 2022 00:00

Flat Feet and Muscle Pain

Many people are born with flat feet. Some live a healthy, active lifestyle with little to no pain from this condition while others are subject to chronic foot and leg pain. With normal walking, the foot flattens slightly to absorb force and to help accommodate the surface being walked on. A flat foot allows flexibility compared to a foot that has a higher arch, it is locked and rigid and does not absorb the force or mold to the ground. However, because a flat foot is looser, it can be prone to chronic muscle strain because the muscles work harder to keep the foot in a stable position. While the body can adapt to flat feet, when there is an increase or change in intensity or duration of an activity, pain may result. A flat foot can also trigger the inward rotation of the lower leg bone (the tibia), which causes the knees to point inward. Since the upper leg bone will generally follow this movement along, the leg, hip, and lower back may become affected. It is important to know whether you were born with flat feet or if they are caused by something else. A podiatrist can help you figure this out and if you are in pain, provide suggestions and treatment on what can be done to increase your comfort.

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms

  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Wednesday, 15 June 2022 00:00

Do Your Child's Feet Hurt?

Have your child's feet been examined lately? Healthy feet are happy feet. If your child is complaining of foot pain, it may be a sign of underlying problems.

The large tendon located in the back of the calf is known as the Achilles tendon. It plays an important role in pointing and flexing the foot which is vital to completing daily activities. An Achilles tendon injury can occur for several reasons. These can include sustaining a running or jumping injury, changing an exercise routine, or wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. There may be existing medical conditions that lead to this painful foot condition, including obesity, having flat feet, or if your foot rolls inward while walking or running. The symptoms that are often associated with this type of injury can consist of intense pain at the time of the injury and stiffness, and the affected area is often swollen. Some patients even hear a popping noise as the injury occurs and this generally requires immediate medical attention. There are different methods to treat this condition and it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can determine which treatment is best for you.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick of Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Achilles Tendon Injuries
Tuesday, 07 June 2022 00:00

Synovial Joint Pain in the Feet

The foot consists of 34 joints, all of which contain synovial membranes. When these membranes become inflamed, the result is swelling, redness, and pain when you move. This condition, known as synovitis, is common among athletes who are involved in repetitive stress movements like lifting and squatting. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile arthritis, lupus, and psoriatic arthritis may also experience synovitis. In these cases, excessive growth of the synovial membrane is part of an autoimmune response where the body attacks itself. The cells then release enzymes into the synovial capsule of the joint causing further inflammation and pain. Depending on the cause, pain from synovitis can be short-lived or continued. If you are experiencing frequent joint pain or inflammation of the feet and ankles, it is suggested to check with a podiatrist for a complete examination and proper diagnosis.

Because RA affects more than just your joints, including the joints in your feet and ankles, it is important to seek early diagnosis from your podiatrist if you feel like the pain in your feet might be caused by RA. For more information, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick of Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will assist you with all of your podiatric concerns.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occur, causing severe pain and immobility.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area.

Symptoms

  • Swelling and pain in the feet
  • Stiffness in the feet
  • Pain on the ball or sole of feet
  • Joint shift and deformation

Diagnosis

Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition. Rheumatoid Factor tests help to determine if someone is affected by the disease.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 31 May 2022 00:00

Three Categories of Nerves

Peripheral neuropathy is a nerve disorder that can affect the feet. It typically causes the inability to feel sensations in the feet, and is prevalent among diabetic patients. Elevated glucose levels can cause neuropathy in the feet, and can be dangerous among diabetics. Neuropathy can affect many types of nerves. The most common are motor, sensory, and autonomic nerves. Motor nerves include those that allow us to walk, talk, and grasp objects. The pain that is felt from a cut is classified as a sensory nerve, and breathing, digestion, and heart functions are in the autonomic nerve category. Muscle weakness is associated with neuropathy, and can be caused by physical injury, arthritis, and diabetes. If you have a lack of feeling in your feet, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can treat and help you to manage neuropathy.

Neuropathy

Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.

What Is Neuropathy?

Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.

Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:

  • Numbness
  • Sensation loss
  • Prickling and tingling sensations
  • Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
  • Muscle weakness

Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.

Treatment

To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.

Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Neuropathy

Type 2 diabetes is a serious health condition. It can affect the feet so it is important to check the feet daily for any existing cuts, bruises, or scrapes in order to prevent foot ulcers from developing. Neuropathy can occur with diabetes and it produces a numbing or tingling sensation. This can make it difficult to feel anything on the feet. The diabetic's ability to heal can be diminished and cuts and scrapes can easily become infected. This condition may be controlled by monitoring the blood glucose levels and this can be helped by eating foods that have little or no sugar. It is beneficial to practice proper foot care which includes washing and drying the feet daily and wearing shoes that fit correctly. Additionally, it is helpful to refrain from walking barefoot indoors or outdoors. It is strongly suggested that all diabetic patients be under the care of a podiatrist who can help them properly manage this condition.

Diabetic foot care is important in preventing foot ailments such as ulcers. If you are suffering from diabetes or have any other concerns about your feet, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. The condition can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, especially the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels, as blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Diabetic Foot Care
Tuesday, 17 May 2022 00:00

Plantar Warts Have Wart Seeds

Plantar warts appear on the bottom of the foot. They grow inward as a result of the constant pressure that is exerted on the feet from standing and walking. They are caused by HPV, human papillomavirus, and can enter the body through small cuts in the feet. It is suggested to wear appropriate shoes while in public swimming areas and locker rooms, as this may prevent the spread of the virus. A plantar wart looks like a small area of hardened skin, and it generally has tiny black dots in the center. These are small, clotted blood vessels that are referred to as wart seeds. This type of wart generally causes severe pain and discomfort, and it may be difficult to walk. Patients who have a compromised immune system, in addition to people who are diabetic, may be prone to getting plantar warts. It is suggested that if you have a plantar wart to speak with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the best treatment methods. 

Plantar warts can be very uncomfortable. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

About Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are the result of HPV, or human papillomavirus, getting into open wounds on the feet. They are mostly found on the heels or balls of the feet.

While plantar warts are generally harmless, those experiencing excessive pain or those suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system require immediate medical care. Plantar warts are easily diagnosed, usually through scraping off a bit of rough skin or by getting a biopsy.

Symptoms

  • Lesions on the bottom of your feet, usually rough and grainy
  • Hard or thick callused spots
  • Wart seeds, which are small clotted blood vessels that look like little black spots
  • Pain, discomfort, or tenderness of your feet when walking or standing

Treatment

  • Freezing
  • Electric tool removal
  • Laser Treatment
  • Topical Creams (prescription only)
  • Over-the-counter medications

To help prevent developing plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot over abrasive surfaces that can cause cuts or wounds for HPV to get into. Avoiding direct contact with other warts, as well as not picking or rubbing existing warts, can help prevent the further spread of plantar warts. However, if you think you have developed plantar warts, speak to your podiatrist. He or she can diagnose the warts on your feet and recommend the appropriate treatment options.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What Are Plantar Warts?

Your feet are covered most of the day. If you're diabetic, periodic screening is important for good health. Numbness is often a sign of diabetic foot and can mask a sore or wound.

Tuesday, 10 May 2022 00:00

Causes of Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the plantar fascia, the band of fibrous tissue that runs the length of the bottom of the foot to the heel bone. This condition typically develops from over-stretching of that area, and can result in heel and arch pain and heel spurs. Excessive stretching of the plantar fascia can happen for numerous reasons, including flat feet, a sudden increase in physical activity, high body weight and its pressure on the foot, and footwear that is ill fitting. Pain with plantar fasciitis is often its worst first thing after arising from sleep and can diminish a bit as the day wears on. Treatments might be orthotics to reduce over-pronation, cushioning the heel to absorb shock, wearing supportive shoes that accommodate the foot well, losing weight, stretching exercises, and night splints. Since it is vital to determine the cause of plantar fasciitis to treat it properly, it is suggested that a podiatrist be consulted for evaluation.

Plantar fasciitis is a common foot condition that is often caused by a strain injury. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. The plantar fascia is a ligament that connects your heel to the front of your foot. When this ligament becomes inflamed, plantar fasciitis is the result. If you have plantar fasciitis you will have a stabbing pain that usually occurs with your first steps in the morning. As the day progresses and you walk around more, this pain will start to disappear, but it will return after long periods of standing or sitting.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Excessive running
  • Having high arches in your feet
  • Other foot issues such as flat feet
  • Pregnancy (due to the sudden weight gain)
  • Being on your feet very often

There are some risk factors that may make you more likely to develop plantar fasciitis compared to others. The condition most commonly affects adults between the ages of 40 and 60. It also tends to affect people who are obese because the extra pounds result in extra stress being placed on the plantar fascia.

Prevention

  • Take good care of your feet – Wear shoes that have good arch support and heel cushioning.
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • If you are a runner, alternate running with other sports that won’t cause heel pain

There are a variety of treatment options available for plantar fasciitis along with the pain that accompanies it. Additionally, physical therapy is a very important component in the treatment process. It is important that you meet with your podiatrist to determine which treatment option is best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Plantar Fasciitis
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